Each side of the Russia-Ukraine battle are being funded by crypto.

Over 54 pro-Russian volunteer teams have cumulatively sourced $2.2 million in cryptocurrency donations to fund warfare efforts in Ukraine, in keeping with a report from Chainalysis on Friday.

The blockchain analytics agency stated that the overwhelming majority of funds had been despatched in Bitcoin ($1.45 million) and Ethereum ($590,000), with “appreciable portions” despatched in Tether, Litecoin, and Dogecoin as nicely. Many of the funds had been donated to just some high teams, with one account receiving over $1 million in crypto.

“Social media posts from the teams point out that a big portion of those funds are getting used to equip paramilitary teams,” Chainalysis stated. The report claims that about half of the accounts amassing donations have publicly solicited help for militias positioned in Donetsk and Luhansk—territories sanctioned by the Workplace of Overseas Property Management (OFAC).

U.S. politicians, equivalent to Senator Elizabeth Warren, raised concerns earlier this 12 months about the opportunity of Russia utilizing crypto to evade sanctions. Chainalysis at present highlighted a pro-Russia group that claims to be doing precisely that. Challenge Terricon, which has been soliciting donations in crypto to help Russian militia teams, “explicitly states on their web site that they’re utilizing cryptocurrency because of the imposition of sanctions,” the report states.

Chainalysis co-founder Jony Levin argued again in March that the potential for crypto for use to evade sanctions was restricted, given that giant quantities (of greater than $1 billion, for instance) might simply be tracked on public blockchain networks. The crypto-tracing agency’s report at present, nonetheless, means that small crypto donations are certainly potential, and even perhaps enticing, for sanctioned entities.

The $2.2 million obtained by Russian teams, in keeping with Chainalysis, remains to be dwarfed by the tens of tens of millions donated to the Ukrainian aspect of the warfare effort in March. Deputy Minister of Ukraine’s Ministry of Digital Transformation, Alex Bornyakov, has publicly solicited donations in crypto for the reason that begin of the warfare.

As of March, crypto analytics agency Elliptic positioned the whole raised by Ukrainian teams in crypto donations at $64 million, although Bornyakov himself stated it was “near $100 million” on the time.

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